Armenia

Armenia is a small country, which lies partially in Eastern Europe, partly in West Asia. The neighbouring countries are Turkey, Georgia, Azerbaijan and Iran. The capital city of Armenia is Yerevan.

Armenia is a land of ancient legends and Bible stories – it is considered that after the Great Flood it was Mount Ararat where Noah set his foot for the first time and thanks to his blessing and strong Christian faith, the land, which suffered many military attacks for thousands of years, has survived and is thriving country today.

In Armenia there are hundreds of unique Christian monuments, wonderful natural sceneries, breath-taking waterfalls and mountains that reach the sky, however, one of the greatest values are people and their hospitality. The mighty Lake Sevan and the sun that shines here eight months of the year are brilliant guides to everyone who came to see the land. There are rich harvests of local fruit in summer and autumn, and you can almost feel and taste sunshine in them.

On a trip to Armenia it's certainly worth to include UNESCO world heritage sites – the old Haghpat and Sanahin monasteries. You can either view these legendary sites by themselves or on the way to the highest part of Azat valley and ancient monastery complex of Geghard.

Armenia also flaunts a surprisingly beautiful mountain landscapes, but even more impressive are monasteries, that are built in almost inaccessible places on mountain tops. The land here is remote, uneven and unforgiving, and on its background these wonders of ancient architecture seem even more surprising.

Armenia is the first country in the world, which has adopted Christianity – already in 301, it was 24 years later when it took place in Rome, and therefore you can find the very first Christian church in the world right here. You can see the world's oldest Christian churches and monasteries that are located in the most amazing landscapes. It’s also a place where you can see the world's oldest shoe (5500 years old); the world's oldest winery is located in Areni cave and in the south of the country there is 223 stone “arrangement”, which is called “Armenian Stonehenge” that was built 8000 years ago - possibly as an observatory.

Here you can try the special Armenian pomegranate wine and Armenian brandy, which has become one of the country brands. Meals are made from healthy and natural products, and Armenian cuisine is regarded as one of the world's oldest and tastiest. Apricots that grow in sunny Ararat valley are special – even the fruits Latin name, Prunus armeniaca specifies that it comes directly from Armenia. Few years ago the world's longest passenger aerial tramway line (5,7 km) was built here – the so-called “Wings of Tatev” aerial tramway cabin takes you to 10th century monastery complex, which resembles a fortress from fairy tales– there are high walls and towers on the cliff, that is surrounded by a deep gorge

All of this and the sounds of ancient musical instrument duduk full of Armenian soul and dreams. And all you need to do that is to come to Armenia and listen...

Capital: Yerevan

Language: Armenian

Government:
-President Serzh Sargsyan
- Prime Minister Hovik Abrahamyan

Independence
- from the former Soviet Union on September 23, 1991

Territory
- Total 29 800 km²

Population
- 2011 census 3,018,854
- Density 101,5/km²

Currency: Armenian dram/AMD

Time zone: (UTC+4)

Internet domain: .am

Calling code: +374